Typhoid fever, or simply typhoid, is a bacterial infection that often manifests as diarrhea and a rash. This bacteria infection, mostly caused by the Salmonella typhi bacterium, affects the intestinal tract and the bloodstream.
The S. Typhi bacterium gets into the human body through contaminated drinks, water, or food. It then multiplies and travels to the intestines and gets into the bloodstream. From the bloodstream, the bacteria travel to the lymph node, liver, gallbladder, spleen and other parts of the body.
Some people become carriers of the bacteria and release it from their stool for years, thus, spreading the disease.
Typhoid fever is more prevalent in developing countries than in developed countries. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 21.5 million people in developing countries contract typhoid every year.
Early symptoms of typhoid fever include; abdominal pain, fever, weakness, headache, general ill feeling. High fever and severe diarrhea could consequently manifest as typhoid worsens.
Furthermore, some people develop a rash on their chest and abdomen called “rose spots”.
Other symptoms that occur include; severe fatigue, chills, nosebleed, bloody stools, delirium, and difficulty in paying attention.
Once one is diagnosed with typhoid, the doctor prescribes antibiotics for the bacteria. Typhoid symptoms usually dissipate after 2 to 4 weeks of proper treatment. It is better to start treatment early because treatments become less effective as complications develop.
Endeavor to consult a healthcare provider for proper treatment. Use home remedies as ancillary treatments.
Here are some tips and good practices, to consider, in order to prevent getting infected with typhoid especially while traveling;
- Endeavor to follow strict water and food precautions while traveling.
- Avoid eating foods from food hawkers on the street. Also be very selective about the restaurant you eat from.
- Cook your food, especially meat, well.
- Strive to drink canned or bottled drinks especially when overseas.
- Boil water before drinking except it is bottled water.
- Minimize your use of public toilets and ensure you wash your hands thoroughly after using the toilet.
- Before eating fruits and vegetables, ensure you wash them yourself.
- Avoid eating watermelons, pudding and cold cuts if you are not sure of how hygienically it was prepared.
- Properly wash your hands before cooking or eating your food.
- Maintain a clean and hygienic environment to curb the spread of typhoid.
Below are natural treatments and home remedies for typhoid fever;
1. Homemade Oral Rehydration Solution
Dehydration is common in people suffering from typhoid fever. The best way to replenish the lost water is to make your own oral rehydration solution and keep sipping it at a regular interval. Take about 4 cups of water suitable for drinking and, to it, add 6 spoons (small) of sugar and half a small spoon of salt. Stir well until the sugar and salt dissolve, then, drink the solution several times throughout the day.
2. Cold Compress
A cold compress can be extremely helpful if your body temperature rises due to the fever. Take tap water in a large bowl and dip a washcloth in it. Wring out the excess water and place the cloth on your forehead. Repeat after a few minute. Do this several times until the fever comes down. Also sponge your body using a damp washcloth in areas such as hands, groin, armpits, and feet to bring down the temperature fast.
Garlic acts as a great antibacterial agent and aids in killing the typhoid-causing bacteria in a natural way. Consume 2 cloves of garlic every day on empty stomach for 2 weeks to relieve the condition. Another way to use garlic for typhoid fever is to make a solution by mixing a cup of milk in 4 cups of clean water and adding half a tsp. of crushed garlic. Boil the solution until it reduces to 1/4th of its original quantity and have it thrice daily until the typhoid symptoms subside.
Ripe bananas may help in treating diarrhea as well as reducing fever. Banana contains pectins in high amounts which promotes absorption of fluids in the intestine and treats diarrhea. Banana also replenishes the levels of potassium in the body that is lost due to diarrhea. Include 2-3 bananas in your daily diet until you start seeing improvements in your condition.
5. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is acidic in nature but metabolizes as an alkali in the body. This helps in reducing the body temperature, for the typhoid fever, in an excellent way. It draws out heat through the skin and relieves fever. Take a glassful of water and add half a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar. Make sure the apple cider vinegar is raw and unfiltered. Also, add a dash of honey and drink this solution before meals for a week.
6. Fluid Intake
Typhoid causes high fever along with diarrhea which may leave your body dehydrated. If the loss of fluid is not replenished, you may take longer to recover. Fluids help in the elimination of toxins from the body. Therefore, drink at least 8-10 glasses of clean water every day. If you are drinking tap water, consider boiling it before your drink. You could also take herbal tea.
Echinacea is an incredible remedy for typhoid fever. It assists in increasing the immunity which helps in faster recovery from the condition. Echinacea also strengthens the body tissue thereby promoting healing. For this remedy, boil a glassful of water in a pan with 1 teaspoon of powdered echinacea flower. You may also use echinacea roots. Let it boil for 10 minutes. Strain it and drink this decoction 2-3 times every day.
Basil has a high medicinal value due to its powerful antibiotic and antibacterial nature. It has a great ability to kill the bacteria that causes typhoid fever. It also boosts immunity and relieves stomach problems. All you have to do is boil 18-20 leaves of basil and a teaspoon of grated ginger in a cup of water until the water reduces to about half of its original quantity. Add some honey and drink it a few times in a day.
Honey is an instant energy booster. Consuming honey, especially manuka honey, for a typhoid fever would help you feel less sick. Honey also aids digestion and helps with absorption of nutrients. For this remedy, add 1 tablespoon of honey in a cup of lukewarm water and drink it a few times in a day.
10. Lemon Juice
The high vitamin C content found in lemons is helpful in treating typhoid fever naturally. Vitamin C boosts immunity and strengthens the body’s ability to fight the infection. For this remedy, extract the juice of a lemon and mix it with a glassful of water. Now add 2 tablespoons of honey and drink it every day for a couple of weeks.
Raisins would help in fighting the typhoid-causing germs in an excellent way. All you have to do is put some raisins in a cup of water and let it soak overnight or at least for 2 hours. Strain it and drink the water in the morning. Do this once every day for effective results.
12. Guava Leaves
Guava leaves have mucus reducing properties which help in combating the cold and fever caused due to typhoid. Guava leaves also act as a disinfectant to help relieve the typhoid fever symptoms. Besides, guava leaves are also high in vitamin C which may play a beneficial role in boosting immunity and fighting the fever condition in a fast manner. Crush 7-8 leaves of guava and extract its juice. Mix it with water and consume it 3 times every day for a week.
13. Babul Bark Tea
Babul bark tea is probably the most effective home remedy for dealing with a typhoid fever. It has a high medicinal value which promotes healing and eases the typhoid fever symptoms. Take 2 tablespoons of powdered babul bark and boil it in about 2 glasses of water. Steep it for 18-20 minutes and add a teaspoon of powdered black pepper. Drink it when it is still warm. Do this once every day for a few days.
14. Coconut Water
Keep sipping coconut water throughout the day to combat the typhoid fever condition in a natural way. Coconut water contains minerals such as potassium, sodium, magnesium, calcium, and carbohydrates that replenishes lost minerals while providing you a great deal of energy.
High in antioxidants, carrots would help in improving your immunity to fight the harmful bacteria that causes typhoid fever. Simply boil 6-7 pieces of carrots in a cup-size of water for 10 minutes. Strain and add powdered black pepper to it. Drink this soup to cure diarrhea.
Cranberries are not only anti-parasitic in nature but also helps in strengthening the immune system. You can drink fresh cranberry juice on a regular basis to reap its health benefits during a typhoid fever.
17. High Nutrition Food
Incorporate foods having high nutritional value in your diet. It will help in relieving the weakness while restoring the body’s lost nutrients. Eat proteins, carbohydrates, soups and fruit juices to fight better with the condition.
The antibacterial properties of cloves are helpful in killing the typhoid-causing bacteria. Cloves also ease diarrhea and vomiting thereby providing a great relief from the symptoms of typhoid fever. Put 4-5 buds of clove in about 8 cups of water and boil it until the water reduces to about half of its original volume. Cool the water and strain it. Drink the water, several times in a day, for at least a week.
Barley is useful for your digestive system because of its soluble and insoluble fibers. The diuretic properties of barley control diarrhea too. For this remedy, start by frying 1 tablespoon, each, of dried barley, dried gram and dried bajara. Now grind them individually to form a powder. In a bowl, take equal parts of the three powders and mix it with honey or jaggery syrup. Mix well and eat it thrice every day.
Pomegranate juice not only helps in boosting immunity to fight the condition but also replenishes lost fluids and minerals. Extract the juice of 2 pomegranates and add a little black pepper powder to it. Drink it once every day in the morning for a couple of weeks.
21. Leaves Of Bitter Gourd
Typhoid fever can be treated effectively with the leaves of bitter gourd. Bitter gourd leaves are high in proteins as well as vitamins and minerals which promotes healing. Take a handful of the leaves and clean them thoroughly. Squeeze it to extract its juice and mix it with a glass of lukewarm water. Consume it thrice daily for 7-10 days.
Oranges would help keep your body hydrated while replenishing it with high amounts of vitamins and minerals. Oranges also assist in cooling down the body thus, alleviating some of the fever symptoms. Drink orange juice on a regular basis to reap the benefits.
Consume a glassful of buttermilk regularly until the typhoid symptoms are reduced. Buttermilk will ease your digestive system while keeping you hydrated. You may also add 1-2 teaspoons of the freshly extracted juice of coriander to buttermilk and consume it twice every day.
24. Basil And Black Pepper
Both basil and black pepper may greatly help in killing the bacteria that causes typhoid fever. Simply take 4 leaves of basil and 7 black peppers in a bowl. Also, add 7 saffron strands and grind them together to make a thick paste. Now roll it into small tablets and consume it twice or thrice every day.
25. Coconut Water And Buttermilk
Both coconut oil and buttermilk are an effective remedy for typhoid fever. When mixed together, they provide all the essential nutrients while boosting your immunity to fight well against the disease. In addition to those, coconut water and buttermilk also increase your fluid intake. For this remedy, mix equal parts of tender coconut water and buttermilk (watery) and consume it on a regular basis.
26. Sleep & Rest
Rest is equally important when you are sick. Rest would help you to better fight the infection. Make sure you take adequate rest to promote healing. Therefore, stay on the bed as much as possible.
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