Mumps is a highly contagious viral infection that spreads from one person to another through direct contact and respiratory secretions.
You can get infected with mumps from breathing saliva droplets from an infected person who has just sneezed or coughed or by even sharing utensils or cups with someone who has mumps.
It primarily affects the salivary glands that are located at the back of the cheek between the ear and jaw. Mumps is common among children between the ages of 5 to 12 years old. However, adults could suffer from it also.
Symptoms of mumps include swollen and painful salivary glands, fever, headache, intense pain around the salivary gland, muscle aches, loss of appetite, fatigue, sore throat, sore ears, pain while talking, swallowing and chewing.
There is an incubation period of 14 and 24 days before symptoms start to manifest. As such, people could spread the disease before they are aware that they have mumps.
Mumps often runs its course and goes away naturally.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a respiratory disease that is characterized by abnormally inflammatory lungs response and poor airflow in the respiratory tract that makes breathing difficult. COPD is also called chronic obstructive lung disease or chronic obstructive airway disease.
COPD is the third leading cause of death in America. More than 11 million people have been diagnosed with COPD in America. However, an estimated 24 million may have the disease without even knowing.
COPD is an umbrella term that includes respiratory diseases such as chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and in some cases asthma.
The main cause of COPD is smoking tobacco. Thus, the best way to avoid COPD is not to smoke or to avoid smoking. Unfortunately, half of the US population above 40 years old who have challenges breathing, due to asthma, or have COPD still smoke.
Other causes of COPD include secondhand smoke, exposure to lung irritants such as dust, air pollutants, and chemical fumes.
In rare cases, a genetic condition known as alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency may cause COPD. People with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency are susceptible to obstructive pulmonary diseases and liver diseases (eg, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in children and adults).
Initially, COPD may show no symptom or the symptoms may be very mild that the sufferer overlooks it and doesn’t go for check up.
However, over time, the symptoms may become more prominent and could include chronic coughing that produces mucus, wheezing, tightness of chest, blueness of lips or fingernail beds, overproduction of mucus or phlegm, shortness of breath, general weakness or fatigue and weight loss.
If not controlled or treated, COPD could lead to other painful experiences called COPD exacerbations. During COPD exacerbations, symptoms become worse than usual and could persist for several days.
There are four stages of COPD:
Stage 1 — very mild COPD Stage 2 — moderate COPD Stage 3 — severe emphysema/chronic bronchitis Stage 4 — very severe COPD
Each stage of COPD has an effect on the sufferer but, in general, the later the stage of COPD one has, the more truncated the life expectancy.
COPD can cause long-term disability and early death. It can lead to other health complications such as lung cancer, high blood pressure, depression and other respiratory infections. Unfortunately, there is no cure for COPD and the number of people dying from it continues to grow.
Fever blisters, aka cold sores, are quite common as they spread from person to person through physical contact. Fever blisters are quite unattractive and painful. They could start out as red, swollen blisters and, eventually turn into scabs.
Fever blisters are caused by the herpes simplex type 1 virus. An outbreak usually last for 2 to 3 weeks and they occur around the mouth region. These fevers could become worse when you have a weakened immune system.
As such, improving your immune system through lifestyle change, maintaining a healthy diet and taking due precautions before an outbreak, you can help keep the virus dormant and limit the frequency of blister outbreaks.
There are numerous over-the-counter drugs you can use for fever blisters. However, they may not be effective for you or may have nasty side effects.
Rash under the breast is a common condition among women especially in women that are overweight or women that have large breasts. It is known as intertrigo and is characterized by irritation under the breast fold.
Common causes of under-breast rash include; wearing an ill-fitted bra, lack of proper air circulation around the breast, excessive sweating. You can tell, from the causes, that hot, humid climate and obesity can exacerbate rashes under the breast. However, allergic reactions to food or drugs could lead to under-breast rashes.
Rashes under the breast may also be accompanied by bacterial or fungal infection as the under breast fold may harbor the growth of germs. In severe cases, the under-breast rash could lead to blisters around that area.
Beautiful nails are charming to look at. However, at times, our nails may not be very strong. They could get brittle and break easily. Nails are made up of laminated layers of a tough protective protein called keratin.
Healthy nails are strong, without ridges and have uniform color and consistency.
Weak and unhealthy nails are often brittle and break off easily. An unhealthy nail is a sign of improper care to the nails. Other factors that can cause weak brittle nails include long exposure to water or detergent, improper diet, anemia, fungal infection, long-term use of nail polish, reckless lifestyle and improper nail care.
A proper nail care, healthy lifestyle and dietary changes would help restore a strong and healthy nail.
Bronchitis is a condition where the lining of the bronchial tubes, between the nose and the lungs, gets inflamed, swollen or infected due to bacteria, virus or irritating particles. Bronchitis could either be acute or chronic.
Acute bronchitis is caused due to cold or flu virus. Thus are infectious due to their viral nature. When the bronchitis is caused by a virus, it is termed a viral bronchitis.
Chronic bronchitis is caused by irritants such as smoke or other air pollutants. Chronic bronchitis is not infectious.
Early signs of bronchitis include fatigue and shortness of breath. Bronchitis often follows flu or cold incidence.
Symptoms of bronchitis include fatigue, nasal congestion, cough with mucus, muscle aches, chest pain, difficulty breathing, fever, etc.
There are several home remedies that provide relief to the symptoms caused by bronchitis.