Melasma is patches of dark or hyperpigmented skin that appear on areas of the face most susceptible to sun rays. Melasma is a common skin disorder that often affects women more than men.
Melasma is caused by the increased production of melanin on the skin due to excess exposure to the sun. Other factors can also increase the chances of developing melasma. These factors include; stress, hormonal changes (especially of estrogen and progesterone), toxins and birth control pills.
The only symptom of melasma is change in skin color which could make patients overly conscious of their appearance.
Here are some tips and good practices, to consider, when dealing with melasma;
- Ensure you maintain a well-balanced diet that is rich in vitamins and omega-3 fatty acid.
- Use sunscreens when outdoors especially when you are at the beach.
- Wear hats when going outdoors.
- Ensure you stay hydrated all day long as water helps to detoxify the body and help fade melasma.
- Avoid stressful situations and practice relaxation techniques such as meditation.
- Avoid waxing your skin as it could lead to inflammation and worsen the melasma.
Below are home remedies and natural treatments to get rid of melasma;
Horseradish is a natural herb with the capacity to reduce blemishes, discolorations, and scars. It’s packed with exceptional nutrients like proteins, iron, fiber, and vitamin C. This radish works by sloughing off the damaged skin to reveal the healthy skin underneath the top layer. To treat melasma, you should rub sliced horseradish on the affected area.
Alternatively, you can mix one cup of milk with three teaspoons of horseradish powder. Apply on the affected area and wait for 30 minutes before rinsing off with warm water. Continue with this regimen, once a week, until the brown patches disappear.
2. Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV)
Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid which encourages cell renewal. To eliminate the patches on the skin, you should make an ACV toner. Just mix one part of water with one part of apple cider vinegar and apply on the affected area using a clean cotton cloth. Let it air-dry, then, clean with lukewarm water and apply a moisturizer. Follow this natural treatment once every day.
3. Turmeric Powder
Turmeric contains curcumin which has skin-lightening and antioxidant properties. This “holy powder” is a time-tested remedy for melasma. Moreover, it flushes out the toxins from the skin. Since excess melanin can result to melasma on your face, it’s crucial that you reduce its production on your skin. To make turmeric mask, mix two teaspoons of turmeric with one tablespoon of milk. Apply on the blemishes and let it dry completely. Remove with warm water by massaging the face in a circular motion.
4. Lemon Juice
The acidic nature of lemon makes it a natural skin lightener. It works by sloughing off the damaged skin to improve melasma pigmentation. You should dip a clean cotton cloth in lemon juice and apply it to the affected area. This way, you’ll start to lighten the top layer of the skin. Leave it for twenty minutes and then wash with warm water. Use this remedy in the morning and evening. Repeat the process for two weeks, and you’ll see the skin-lightening effects. You could also use lemon oil for the same effect. Make sure you drink plenty of water to also flush out toxins from the skin.
Papaya has amazing skin nourishing properties. It works as an exfoliant by removing the dead skin cells and restoring the skin tone. Simply take a ripe papaya and mash it to get a paste. Apply on the papaya paste on the dark patches and leave it for twenty minutes. Then, wash your face with warm water and apply a moisturizer. You can also mix papaya paste with honey. Continue with this natural treatment, two times a week, for one month.
6. Aloe Vera Gel
The hydrating property of aloe vera makes it an effective natural remedy for melasma. It contains mucilaginous polysaccharides that remove the dark spots caused by excessive sun exposure. Furthermore, aloe vera has potent antioxidant properties that protect the skin from oxidative stress. This herb also promotes the generation of new skin cells. For best results, massage your face with pure aloe vera gel and leave it on the skin for twenty minutes. Use this natural remedy two times a day until you get the desired results.
Oatmeal works as a natural exfoliating agent. It helps to remove the brown spots to give a glowing skin. To get rid of the dark patches, you should create a paste by mixing a handful of oatmeal with milk and honey. Apply to the affected area in a circular motion and leave it for twenty minutes. Use this regimen three times a week for one month. This natural remedy is effective in reducing melasma, especially in pregnant women.
8. Onion Juice
Onion contains a sulfur compound that helps to remove blemishes on the face. To nourish the skin cells, crush three onions and squeeze out the juice. After that, mix with equal amount of apple cider vinegar and apply on the patches using a cotton cloth. Wash with warm water after twenty minutes. Follow this regimen two times a day until you get the desired results. However, before you apply the mixture, ensure you remove all your makeup and clean your face thoroughly.
9. Apricot Kernel Oil
Apricot contains fatty acids and essential vitamins that help to soothe inflamed skin cells. To alleviate melasma, apply apricot kernel oil two times a day until you get the desired results. You should let it stay overnight. Clean your face in the morning with lukewarm water.
10. Green Tea
Green tea contains antioxidant and antibacterial properties that aid in the treatment of skin pigmentation. When combined with raw honey, it eliminates the light patches on the skin. Several studies have also shown that green tea is rich in catechins that protect your skin from UV radiation. For best results, make green tea part of your everyday routine.
Salmon is rich in omega-3 fatty acids that strengthen your skin cells. Furthermore, it contains antioxidants that protect your skin against solar radiation. If you don’t have access to the wild fish, you can take omega-3 supplements on a daily basis.
12. Pumpkin And Carrots
Pumpkins contain vitamins A, B, and C while carrots contain beta-carotene and other skin lightening properties. When the two are combined, you can treat melasma in just a few weeks. First, mash them into a fine paste and then add a few drops of essential oil of your choice to make a mask. Apply on the face and let it stay for twenty minutes. Then, wash off with lukewarm water before applying a moisturizing lotion. It’s also recommended that you make raw carrots part of your everyday diet.
Tomatoes are packed with antioxidants that help to reduce wrinkles and stretch marks. They are also rich in potassium and iron. Furthermore, tomato acts as a natural sunblock. If you don’t like eating raw tomatoes, you can substitute them with lycopene supplements. Try to eat a raw tomato alongside your diet. You could also mash tomatoes into a paste and apply to your face for 15 minutes.
14. Guava And Bananas
Guavas contain lycopene compound that helps to lighten skin blemishes while bananas are rich in potassium. When the two are combined, they reduce melasma by softening and lightening the skin. Just take a ripe banana and a guava and mash into a fine paste. Apply to the affected area and let it stay for thirty minutes before rinsing off with cold water. Use this treatment on a daily basis until you get the desired results.
15. Gotu Kola
This is a natural herb that reduces skin pigmentation. When combined with ginseng, the mixture helps to reduce scars and dark spots. Just mix equal parts of ginseng powder and Gotu Kola in boiling water to make tea. Use a cotton cloth and apply to the affected areas. Let it stay for twenty minutes before rinsing off with warm water. Use this remedy for three weeks until you get some visible results.
16. Grape Seed Extract
Apart from promoting weight loss, grape seed contains antioxidants that help to treat several skin conditions. Its detoxifying power makes it a preferred home remedy for melasma. A daily application on the affected area gives unbelievable results. If you have a sensitive skin you should refrain from using this remedy.
Unlike most skincare products, sandalwood helps to lighten melasma spots and blemishes without causing any irritation on the skin. To use this remedy, you should prepare a face mask by mixing sandalwood and milk in equal amounts. Then, apply the mixture on your face and leave it overnight. The next morning, wipe with lukewarm water. Continue with this treatment for two months to fade the pigmentation.
Almonds are rich in protein which helps give it its skin-lightening properties. Almonds are also rich in vitamin E which helps alleviate skin discolorations and also nourishes the skin. To use this almond remedy, mash 6 soaked almonds into paste and add milk to it to make an almond-milk mixture. Then, gently rub this mixture on your face and leave for 20 minutes. Wash off thereafter. You could substitute honey for the milk for the same result.
Yogurt, especially Greek yogurt, is an effective remedy for melasma. The lactic acid, in yogurt, helps to lighten the skin and fade any skin discoloration. To use this remedy, simply apply yogurt to the affected area and leave it for 15 minutes. Rinse off thereafter.
Potato is effective for fading away dark patches on the skin due to its constituent enzyme called catecholase. Catecholase is capable of reducing dark blemishes from the skin. To use this potato remedy, Simply peel and grind potato into a paste. Then, apply this paste to your face. Leave on your face for about 5 minutes before washing off. Do this remedy daily until you reach your desired result.
Avocado is rich in fatty acids, vitamins, and antioxidants that make it very nourishing for the skin. Also, its high vitamin E content helps prevent photo-aging and also helps to reduce dark patches on the skin. For this remedy, mash one avocado to pulp and add honey or milk. Apply this pulp mixture to the face and leave, on the face, for 15 minutes. Wash off thereafter.
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