Dark spots, which are also known as age spots or black spots, are red, brown or gray patches of skin discoloration that can occur on your face, arm, back, and shoulders. These dark spots occur due to the overproduction of melanin. Melanin is the pigment responsible for the color of our skin.
Common factors that could lead to dark skin include; being overly exposed to the sun, vitamin deficiencies, hormone imbalance, stress, medications, aging, acne, facial hair removal, and pregnancy.
Here are some tips and good practices, to consider, when dealing with dark spots;
- Strive to exfoliate your skin regularly.
- Stay hydrated by drinking adequate amount of water. This would help keep your skin fresh and supple.
- Keep your skin clean and moisturized as often as possible.
- Avoid consuming fried foods and junk foods.
- Avoid stressful condition. Such conditions could physically manifest as a skin disorder. You could take up relaxation techniques, such as meditation and yoga, to relieve stress.
- Ensure you get adequate amount of sleep.
- Endeavor to apply sunscreen when going outdoors. Sunscreens protect your skin from harmful UV rays from the sun.
- Maintain a healthy and balanced diet.
- Endeavor to remove your makeup before going to bed.
- Wash your face at least twice a day.
- Avoid using chemical-laden skin products.
Below are home remedies and natural ways to get rid of dark spots from several parts of your body;
This wonderful vegetable contains natural enzymes, vitamin C, and starch. Moreover, it’s rich in potassium, vitamin B6, phosphorus, and zinc which helps to exfoliate your skin by removing the dead cells. These minerals also aid in collagen production. To make a potato mask, peel and mash a fresh potato, add one teaspoon of lemon juice and then spread on the dark spots.
Alternatively, you can cut a fresh potato, squeeze out the juice and apply to the problem areas. Use any of the regimens two times a day until you see some positive results.
Sandalwood is commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat many skin conditions. Sandalwood has astringent compounds that can protect your skin from abrasions, allergies, and breakouts. Furthermore, sandalwood tightens the skin pores and repairs the soft tissues. To use the remedy, make a paste by mixing one tablespoon of sandalwood powder with two tablespoons of rose water. Spread on the dark areas, let it dry, then, wash off with plain water. Follow this procedure until the spots disappear.
3. Lemon Juice
Lemon has natural acidic properties that work as a skin bleaching agent. To remove the dark spots, dip a cotton swab in fresh lemon juice and gently apply to the dark area. Once it dries off, wash off the dried juice with plain water. Avoid this remedy if you have open lesions on your skin. For quick results, use this remedy once a day for at least two weeks. Alternatively, you could also use lemon oil.
Parsley leaves are used in most skin care products thanks to their skin lightening properties. Parsley leaves have vitamin A which aid in collagen production. What’s more, the leafy vegetable is rich in vitamin K. To make a concoction, chop a handful of parsley leaves and add some lemon or honey. Apply the mixture on your face, especially on the dark areas. Use the concoction, before going to bed, for one month.
5. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera contains lignin which moisturizes the skin. Additionally, aloe vera has polysaccharides which heal scars and stimulate the growth of new skin cells. The aloe vera gel is frequently used in beauty products due to its antifungal and antibacterial properties. To get rid of dark spots, extract the gel from an aloe leaf and apply on the affected area.
6. Pineapple Juice
Pineapple is rich in alpha-hydroxy acid which slows the aging process. Furthermore, pineapple is loaded with vitamin A which helps to increase collagen production. Just dip a cotton ball in pineapple juice and rub on the problem area once a day. Drinking a glass of fresh pineapple juice, daily, would also improve your skin’s texture.
7. Vitamin E Oil
Vitamin E is a common constituent in most skincare products. Vitamin E oil contains antioxidants that improve the appearance of the skin. For this reason, you should apply vitamin E oil to moisturize your skin and repair dry cuticles. Just take a few drops and gently massage the dark spots with clean fingers. Apply before going to bed. However, ensure you do a patch test before using vitamin E oil as you may be allergic to it and may lead to skin dermatitis.
Almonds help to eliminate dead skin cells by rejuvenating the skin. Almonds also protect the skin from harmful UV rays. To use this remedy, soak a handful of mashed almonds in a glass of water for 12 hours, add one tablespoon of sandalwood powder and one teaspoon of honey. Gently rub the mixture on your face and let it dry. Wash off thereafter. Use this face mask two times a week.
Turmeric has skin-lightening properties. It reduces skin discoloration and age spots. To make a face mask, mix one tablespoon of turmeric powder with one spoonful of milk and lemon juice. Apply on the whole face, leave it for one hour, then clean off with soapy water. Continue with this regimen, once a day, until you get your desired look.
Although it’s a little sour compared to normal milk, buttermilk is rich in lactic acid and probiotics which help in brightening your skin pigmentation. Just apply buttermilk to the affected area, leave it for 15 minutes and then wash off. For best results, apply up to 5 times a week.
11. Onion Juice
Onion is acidic in nature which helps to reduce skin pigmentation. Extract the juice from a red onion, rub on the dark area(s), leave for 20 minutes and rinse with warm water. You can also mix red onion with garlic.
Oats contains saponin compound which works as a natural cleanser. Oats can also soften and rejuvenate the skin. To make a mask, grind some oats and add three spoonfuls of lemon juice into the powdered oatmeal. Then, scrub the mixture on your skin and let it dry naturally. After that, wash with soapy water. Use this regimen two to three times a week. You should see some good results by the third week.
Papaya is rich in papain enzymes that eliminate dark spots and dead skin cells. Other than that, papaya protects the skin against UV damage. To make a papaya paste, mash a ripe papaya and add two tablespoons of raw honey. Then, spread this mask on the dark areas, leave it for half an hour and then wash off with clean water. Repeat up to 3 times a week.
Chickpeas are a simple home remedy for eliminating dark spots. Chickpeas are rich in manganese and vitamin B. These mineral and vitamin detoxify and repair damaged skin. If you want to get rid of discoloration or dark spots, you should make a chickpea mask. To do this, boil half cup of chickpeas in a cup of water, mash them, then, let the paste cool down and apply on your face. Wash off after 30 minutes.
15. Green Tea
Green tea offers the most natural way of getting rid of dark spots. It contains antibacterial and antioxidant properties which help to clear any acne problems. To make the tea, boil half teaspoon of green tea in a cup of water for 15 minutes. Apply the solution, on the affected area, twice daily.
16. Castor Oil
Castor oil works as an anti-pigmentation agent. It contains omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E which aids in formation of new cells. That’s not all; castor oil penetrates beyond the epidermal layer to remove all the dirt. To get rid of dark spots, dip a cotton ball in the oil and apply on the dark areas. Avoid this remedy if you have an oily skin.
17. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is rich in antioxidants like B-complex and vitamin A which helps to eliminate dead skin cells. Furthermore, ACV has hydroxyl acid that facilitates the generation of new skin cells. If you want to keep dark spots at bay, dilute one spoonful of ACV with honey and apply on the dark areas. Wash off after 15 minutes.
Tomatoes are rich in vitamins A, B, and C as well as lycopene which all fight harmful free radicals. Tomato also boosts collagen production. Just like most skin care products they contain minerals such as potassium, magnesium, and calcium which promote a healthy skin. Simply mix one tablespoon of tomato juice with one teaspoon of lemon juice. Apply on the dark parts three times a day.
Cucumber keeps your skin hydrated and flushes out toxins. Cucumerin B, a bioactive constituent of cucumber, makes cucumber a great moisturizer that fights off signs of aging. Additionally, cucumber is loaded with vitamins A, C, and K which eliminates skin discoloration. To make a cucumber face mask, blend a fresh cucumber with some lemon. Apply on the dark area(s), leave it for 20 minutes and then wash off.
Yogurt contains lactic acid which aids in exfoliating the topmost layer of your skin. Moreover, yogurt moisturizes the skin giving the skin a youthful glow. You can form a powerful bleaching agent by mixing yogurt, lemon juice, and oatmeal. Apply the paste twice a day until you get your desired look.
Honey is rich in antioxidants and natural skin-lightening properties that fade scars and heal the damaged skin cells. Since honey has more than 80% sugar content, it serves as a great exfoliator. To make a honey paste, grate or mash a tomato and then add some honey. Then, spread the resultant paste on the dark parts of the skin and wash off after 30 minutes.
Horseradish is a potent herb that can help you get rid of the dark spots. It contains powerful antioxidants which slow down melanin production. Besides that, horseradish contains vitamins, zinc, calcium, and potassium which eliminate dead skin cells. To reap the benefits of this perennial plant, mix equal units of grated or mashed horseradish, honey, and apple cider vinegar. Apply on the face for 20 minutes and then wash off with plain water.
23. Orange Peel
An orange peel contains calcium and vitamin C which aid in the rejuvenation of new skin cells. Also, orange peel has bleaching properties and can help to remove the impurities from the skin. Mix one tablespoon of orange peel powder with one tablespoon of yogurt and apply on the problem areas. Rinse the mask off after 20 minutes.
Strawberries are rich in salicylic acid, a common ingredient in beauty products for exfoliating the skin. Furthermore, strawberries have alpha-hydroxy acid which helps to remove dead skin. To make a strawberry face mask, blend a few strawberries with honey. Spread on your face and let it sit for half an hour before rinsing off.
Milk is loaded with calcium, vitamins A, D, B6 which all help in production of new skin cells. In addition to that, milk helps to slow the aging process and gets rid of the dark spots. For this remedy to be effective, mix 2 tablespoons of milk with one tablespoon of sandalwood powder and one teaspoon of turmeric. Spread it on your face and let it dry naturally. Wash off with plain water, thereafter, and apply your favorite moisturizer.
26. Calamine Lotion
Use of calamine lotion would relieve your skin from numerous skin inflammations. Furthermore, calamine lotion contains ferric and zinc oxide which aids in elimination of dead skin cells. Before you apply the lotion, make sure your face is clean. Calamine lotion works best when applied at night.
Watermelon is rich in skin moisturizing and skin rejuvenating properties. For this watermelon remedy, simply take the rind of watermelon and rub the interior part of the watermelon rind on the dark spots. Carry out this remedy at least three times a week.
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