Great mullein (Verbascum thapsus) is a biennial herb that typically grows to a height of 2 meters. During the first year, the plant produces rosette consisting of pubescent leaves, but in the second year, it develops stem with blossoms and few branches. The leaves are about 15-30 centimeters long and 5-10 centimeters wide. They are covered with hairs. The flowers have five parts; the tube-shaped calyx is green while the corolla is yellow. There are three long and two short stamens. The filaments are covered with tiny pale hairs. The herb blooms starting from June till September. Mullein’s fruit contains a lot of seeds.
The herb can be found growing in gravelly and sandy soil in the edge of a forest, sunny hill, Riverside, and gravel pit. You should collect the blossoms in dry, sunny weather before midday. This is because the flowers tend to fade in the afternoon. You should avoid squeezing the flowers or exposing them to direct sunlight.
Mullein blossoms contain triterpene saponin (up to 3.85 percent), 10-11 percent sugars, mucilaginous substances (up to 25 percent), flavonoids, carotenoids, ascorbic acid, a bit of essential oil and some other biologically active elements. Mullein leaves also contain iridoids and mineral substances. The herb has anti-inflammatory, expectorant and wound healing properties.
Mullein’s saponins have anti-irritant effects on the mucous membrane of upper airways, kidney, and ureter, while its flavonoids act as anodyne and anti-inflammatory remedies.
Remedies made of mullein blossoms (such as infusions, decoctions, and liquid extracts) are used as emollient and expectorant remedies in case of hoarseness, inflammation of upper airways, bronchitis, tracheitis, whooping cough, influenza, and cold viruses.
For these remedies, infuse a tablespoon of the herb with a glass of water. Drink a glass of the infusion three times a day. If you suffer from whooping cough or inflamed and painful mucous membrane of the airways, you could make a tea consisting of equal quantities of mullein blossoms, horse foot leaves, thyme tops, and lobelia tops.
Below are health benefits of mullein;
1. Treating Asthma
Mullein tea can be of benefit to people with asthma. In fact, mullein does treat asthma. The good thing is that you can either drink mullein tea or inhale the vapor of mullein leaves soaked in hot water. It depends on which option you would prefer. Mullein suppresses and hastens recovery from nasal congestion. If you are suffering from nasal congestion, you can also inhale mullein vapor or take it as tea.
2. Treating Ear Infections
The leaves of mullein are used to heal ear infections. This treatment has been done since ancient times. If you are suffering ear infection, you can opt for mullein leaves instead of antibiotics methods of healing.
3. Thyroid Gland Problems Get Treated.
Mullein tea can treat thyroid gland disorders. It also relieves overactive thyroid gland. However, more than 3g of mullein tea should not be taken to avoid other complex health issues.
4. Headache Relief
If one happens to be experiencing a headache, it is recommended that you take mullein tea which can help relieve a headache. Mullein leaves and fruits have been used to treat a headache, especially in traditional settings.
5. Tuberculosis Treatment
Mullein is also effective for relieving tuberculosis symptoms. Mullein has been used in Europe in the treatment of TB patients. If you are suffering from TB, make a point of taking mullein which could give soothing relief.
6. Cold and Flu
Due to mullein having expectorant and antibacterial properties, it is capable of reducing symptoms of flu and cold. Take mullein tea whenever you experience cold or flu.
7. Allergies And Bronchitis
Mullein leaves can mitigate allergies and bronchitis problems. It works here just like the way it treats the TB and cold.
Mullein has verbascoside which gives has anti-inflammatory properties. That makes mullein qualify as natural Anti-inflammatory.
As highlighted in some other benefits above, mullein has anti-bacterial properties. This is also attributed to the verbascoside. Studies have found that verbascoside works particularly well against staph-related diseases.
10. Digestive Health
Taking mullein helps to relieve intestinal issues including hemorrhoids, diarrhea, bladder infections, and constipation. Also, mullein acts as antihelminthic and treats intestinal worms.
Mullein assists to get rid of symptoms associated with menstrual cramps and stomach cramps, especially during gastric distress.
12. Sedative Effects
Mullein can also be used to treat issues related to insomnia and anxiety due to its sedative properties.
13. Skin Soothing
Mullein oil helps to smoothen the skin making it blemish-free. Mullein oil also helps to treat skin rashes and rankles. As mullein is anti-bacterial in nature, it also helps treat skin disorders caused by bacteria.
14. Joint Pain Relief
Mullein helps to pain associated with the joints because of its anti-inflammatory nature. This can help reduce swelling and inflammation of joints.
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